Scientists introducing insect larvae to various strains of millet in a netted enclosure to test pest resistance. The net structure is meant for conducting experiments on crops susceptible to Fall Army Worm (FAW) and to screen for resistant varieties.
The International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics is an UN-affiliated crop research institute that seeks to increase the yield of food crops in dry tropical regions by improving plant genetics and farming techniques. Their 3,500 acre (1390 Ha) research complex near Hyderabad, India was established in 1972, and they have satellite research facilities in eight African countries (Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Kenya, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, and Malawi, and Mozambique). ICRISAT conducts food productivity research on sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet, chickpea, pigeon pea, and peanut, which are key subsistence crops for non-irrigated farmland in Africa and Asia. They maintain a gene bank with over 120,000 varieties of these crops from 144 countries. Many of the older varieties are no longer cultivated, and their genebank is the only source of that genetic material.
- ©2021 George Steinmetz
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