Introducing insect larvae to test pest resistance of various strains of sorghum in a netted enclosure at the agricultural research of ICRISAT (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics). They are an UN-affiliated crop research institute that seeks to increase the yield of food crops in dry tropical regions by improving plant genetics and farming techniques. Their 3,500 acre (1390 Ha) research complex near Hyderabad, India was established in 1972, and they have satellite research facilities in eight African countries (Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Kenya, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, and Malawi, and Mozambique).
ICRISAT conducts food productivity research on sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet, chickpea, pigeon pea, and peanut, which are key subsistence crops for non-irrigated farmland in Africa and Asia. They maintain a gene bank with over 120,000 varieties of these crops from 144 countries. Many of the older varieties are no longer cultivated, and their gene bank is the only source of that genetic material.
- ©2021 George Steinmetz
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